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The 5 Most Common Fatal Diseases in Singapore

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Although Singapore’s health and mortality rate is considered good, according to several health-related studies, the most common causes of death are related to lifestyle practices. These are diseases that are non-communicable and may be acquired by people through heredity or bad eating and drinking habits.

In a 2015 survey, external causes like accident came in only at 5th among the causes of death. The following diseases are the common culprits.

1. Cancer

The common types of cancer in the country that affect the women are breast, colo-rectum, lung and corpus uteri cancer. For the men colo-rectum, lung, prostate, liver and lymphoma cancer are prevalent. This is regardless of ethnic and economic background. There are types of cancer that can be cured, but statistics in different studies are conflicting.

2. Pneumonia

The symptoms of pneumonia resemble common colds so most people overlook the condition until the damage becomes too obvious to ignore. Pneumonia is a viral or bacterial infection of the lungs that causes inflammation from mucus and pus. The person will experience difficulty breathing, high fever and shoulder and chest pain.

3. Ischaemic Heart Diseases

This is also known by the name coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease. The blood flow and circulation of oxygen in other parts of the body is constricted. The arteries become narrower and affect the heart in the long run. The problem with this condition is that a lot of people aren’t aware that they have this until they experience a heart attack.

4. Cerebrovascular Diseases

When the blood supply to the brain is limited or restricted, the brain becomes inflamed. This could lead to a stroke or impairment and dementia. The person will experience an intense headache at first. Cerebrovascular diseases include thrombosis, hemorrhage, embolism, atherosclerosis, and aneurysm.

5. Hypertensive Diseases

These are conditions caused by high blood pressure. If hypertension isn’t managed, it could result to the thickening or enlargement of the heart, narrowing of the arteries, arrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, stroke and cardiac arrest. People with this condition are advised to lose or maintain the right weight, exercise, and minimize intake of cholesterol, fat and sugar.

Other diseases to watch out for:

Diabetes Mellitus

When the body has high sugar levels for an extended time, the person has diabetes. Hyperglycemia is the result of lack of or the failure to use the insulin hormone produced by the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is common among young people. The immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells. Type 2 diabetes manifests among older people and is characterized by the body’s inability to properly use insulin.

Kidney and Liver Diseases

When the kidney can no longer function properly, the body cannot clean the blood, filter extra water and control blood pressure. Kidney diseases are usually complications of diabetes, high blood pressure, and viral diseases. Liver disease on the other hand can cause vomiting and nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice, fatigue and weight loss. It is caused by alcohol abuse, different types of hepatitis, and cirrhosis.

How to Get Rid of Head Lice

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Causes and Types

 

Head lice, or Pediculus humanus capitis, are more common than you think. These are tiny bug-looking things that live and breed on your head. There are other types of lice that live on the human body. Pubic lice, also called crabs or Pthirus pubis, can only live in the pubic area and not on you head. Another type is the body louse or Pediculu humanus corporis. Their source of food is your blood so it won’t matter if you wash your hear regularly or not.

You can get lice if you come in contact with people who have head lice. It’s common among children. Head lice cannot fly so it takes head-to-head contact to get lice. You can also get them if you share personal items like combs, hats or caps, towels, hair accessories, pillows, and anything that your head comes into contact with. You cannot get them from pets because they can only survive on humans.

 

They make your head very itchy. If you keep scratching, it will leave your scalp irritated and reddish. Some people can also feel the lice crawling. They also lay eggs or nits that stick to strands of your hair. There are others who get swollen lymph nodes and eye infections.

 

Management and Prevention

If you suspect that you have head lice infestation or pediculosis, there are ways to determine this without going to the dermatologist. You can start by inspecting the scalp and strands of hair for lice eggs, especially the areas behind the ears. You can also use a fine-tooth comb. Comb the hair by small sections. In extreme cases, it is advised to get a haircut to minimize infestation.

 

There are over-the-counter lice shampoos you can use. Look for shampoos with any of the following active ingredients: pyrethrins, dimethicones and permethrins. Follow directions on the label. These medicated shampoos usually cannot be used as often as regular shampoos. Keep the contact with other parts of the body as minimal as possible when using the medicated shampoo. Don’t use more than one type of product. There are also shampoos made specifically for children. If you have an infant with lice, it’s not advisable to use medicated lice treatments. Remove louse by hand. Some are advised to use prescription drugs such as malathion, spinosad, benzyl alcohol, and ivermectin.

 

Don’t use conditioner, hair sprays, essential oils and blow-dry your hair when you use lice shampoo.

 

It’s also important to keep monitoring if the shampoo is working. Use the fine-tooth comb regularly until the lice disappear. Wash your bed linens, towel and clothing regularly. Dry clean items that cannot be washed. Clean and then soak your hair items and accessories. You might have to replace some items. Keep your house clean as well.

 

The best way not to get lice is to not share your personal items with other people.

How to Get the Most Nutrients from Different Foods

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You just prepare foods without thinking whether you are doing it right. You have to be aware from this day on that the way you prepare or handle the food can either make or break the health benefits they contain. With this, you have to learn how to prepare or handle food the right way.

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Here’s how you can prepare foods to make the most out of their nutrients:

Apple

If you are the type that peels the apple or prefer the sauce form, you have to think twice from now on – you are actually missing out its nutritional value. Be mindful that the skin is rich in antioxidant and fiber. If you peel it, you are wasting nutrients that can help with cholesterol and inflammation.

Meat, seafood and poultry

If you are broiling your meat, seafood and poultry, you are actually eliminating the nutrients. Cooking foods in high temperature will change the proteins and sometimes it can become toxic to your body. The next time you cook, make sure that it is at a lower temperature to avoid burning it too much leading to carcinogen build-up.

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Vegetables

Some believe that regardless of the way it was cooled, vegetables will always carry nutrients. You need to know that if you boil vegetables, you are actually transferring everything in the water and down the drain. If you want full nutrient retention, you can just steam the vegetables.

Tea

The latest fad here in Singapore is milk tea and you cannot blame the people. Tea and milk make an excellent pair but if you really want to maximize the nutrients of the tea, you should forget about the milk. There is a protein in milk that can decrease a compound in tea that has the power to protect the heart. Better drink tea plain or you can just add squish of lemon for flavouring.

Dairy

When you buy dairy, you always pick a low-fat one because you are taught that it is better. It is time that you know it is not actually for the better. When you actually remove the fat, there is a trade-off – sugar. Sugar in return is more harmful than the fats. So next time you buy dairy, quit thinking about low-fat.

Spinach

Spinach can be an excellent ingredient for your salad but you can still choose a warmer version of it by steaming it lightly. Steaming can still let the spinach retain all of its nutrients.

Hopefully you learned a lot and start to execute it. Your ultimate goal here is maximum retention of nutrients so you have to observe the right way to handle or prepare such.

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5 Foods That You’re Probably Eating Wrong

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You eat because you want to nourish the body and be healthy. Here in Singapore where life is hectic, you need all the nourishment you can get from foods to cope up. But the question is: are you eating it right? You might think that you are eating everything right but the truth is, the way you prepare and handle specific foods can destroy the health benefits they offer.

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You have to be aware of the foods that you probably eat wrong so you do not waste the nutrients. Here are some foods that you eat wrong and how you can make the most out of it:

  1. Nuts: When you are hungry, it is easy to grab raw nuts and eat it right away. You think that you get all the nutrients because they are raw. That is where you are wrong. Nuts contain phytic acid and lectins that can prevent nutrients from being digested and absorbed properly. The best way is to soak them first. Pecans, peanuts and walnuts should be soaked for 12 hours, macadamias and almonds for 7 hours and cashews for 4 to 6 hours. After soaking, do not forget to dry it either in a dehydrator or oven.

 

  1. Bananas: Actually banana is your go-to fruit. They are popular that you will see it in almost all households here in Singapore. It is time that you learn eating it solo is not the right way to consume it. Eating them plain is not helpful. Bananas have high sugar content so to help it metabolize faster, always pair it with fat like butter or almond.

 

  1. Strawberries: Nothing is more satisfying than eating a handful or bowl of fresh strawberries. Some people cut it first before consuming. That is not right. Cutting the strawberries will decrease its vitamin C contents. Vitamin C is sensitive to oxygen and light. The next time you eat it, make sure to eat it in whole.

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  1. Coffee: Your energy quick fix is coffee because of its caffeine. If you drink coffee right after you wake up, you are drinking it all wrong. You see, when you wake up your body produces the highest cortisol levels. Mixing caffeine with cortisol can actually intensify your tolerance making it less effective. Drink coffee few hours after waking up.

 

  1. Onions: You do not consider raw onions but it is time to change that. Raw onions actually have oils and minerals that can ease the breaking down of fat deposits as well as speeding the metabolism.

From these, you should now think twice before peeling a fruit or boiling a vegetable.

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Stress Savers: 6 Hobbies That Helps You Relax

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No one can escape occasional feelings of stress, but there’s definitely something that we can do to lessen that nagging feeling of anxiety. Apart from sleeping, eating well and doing other self-care habits, we can practice a number of hobbies to help us reduce stress – and these extend beyond stereotypical activities like meditation and yoga.

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1. Photography

Most people see photography as an expensive hobby as it includes purchasing gadgets and travelling to tourist destinations. While these are necessary for a professional shoot, you can actually do well without it when it comes to taking photos as a hobby. You can use your phone’s camera and anything, including your meal, your best friend or any random thing that you can use as your subject. Photography is all about being immersed in the moment and looking at things from different perspectives. If it goes well, you can turn it into a rewarding profession.

2. Journaling

Several studies show that keeping a journal reduces stress, as well as symptoms of depression and anxiety. Writing down your thoughts helps you clear your mind and emotions, and reflect on your feelings in a healthy manner. Journaling provides a creative way for you to privately express your emotions and ideas.

3. Reading

Even just five minutes of reading is already enough to reduce stress. Reading helps in easing muscle tension, as well as reducing the heart rate, making it a healthy hobby to turn to when you’re feeling a bit overwhelmed.

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4. Knitting

It’s time to forget the stereotype that knitting is only for our grandmas. According to researchers, the repetitive movement done in knitting actually helps people get into the moment the way meditation does. It also enhances the release of serotonin, a feel-good neurotransmitter that helps you feel positive and calm.

5. Colouring

Adult colouring books have been the rage recently, and for a good reason. Several studies showed art therapy as a great way to reduce stress and ease symptoms of anxiety and depression. Using a colouring book results to having a relaxing mind-set, since it allows the brain to switch off your thoughts and focus on what you’re doing in the moment.

6. Gardening

If you’re fond of flowers, or plants in general, then this activity is the perfect hobby for you. Gardening will require some knowledge about the right kinds of plants to grow in your region, as well as how to care for them. Fortunately, these information can be acquired from your local nursery or online. Gardening will help you in more ways than one. You’ll be around nature, be able to breathe fresh air and enjoy the fruits of your hobby.

Apart from these hobbies, you can also take part in any sport you like or make new friends. After all, what’s important is you concentrate on doing the things that lowers your stress levels and makes you happy.

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